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New Provinces for Pakistan, “need of the hour”.

The voices for dividing Punjab province recently are getting louder and louder. But do we really need to do it, what will be the consequences for this and what will be the advantages. I dont see any sane discussion going on the bigger picture. My personal view is that many people are calling it for their own personal petty agenda and they are not voicing it in the interest of Pakistan.

But if we think with an unbiased view and above our petty self interest, and truly for the well being of Pakistan than we can come to this conclusion that,

1. Pakistan has definitely developed but not uniformly, many smaller cities got over looked (not only in Punjab but in all provinces).

2. Facilities were not provided equally to the people of all regions,

3. Lot of potential is getting wasted.

4. The politics of language, color, breed is still strongest in Pakistan and we have not been able to go above and beyond, punjabi, pakhtoon, sindhi, balochi nationalism.

Dividing Punjab on linguistic basis will add one more nationalism (“saraiki”) to the already afore mentioned list of nationalisms, which is destructive for our unity & development.

Also Pakistan has at least 32 languages. Punjabi is spoken by 44% of Pakistan (almost 90 million) and chitrali is spoken is in just one district (less 0.5 million). So this will not only further divide as a nation, but will give rise to more Big Brother, small brother politics & economic growth will be further hampered, as many of the linguistic based provinces will not be economically viable.<

But i think if all the provinces are divided in the best interest of Pakistan, then many benefits can be achieved.

1. More provinces means more cities will be developed and all the population load which is coming into either Karachi or Lahore can be reduced.

2. More provinces means more people will be empowered to choose their destiny.

3. Better distribution of resources of Pakistan.

4. It may give rise to Pakistani nationalism then the punjabi, sindhi, pashto, balochi nationalism, if the division is not based on languages.

5. It probably will allow the politician to seriously work for their people, once they dont have big brother “Punjab” to blame for everything.

These are the reason which compelled me and my friend (more work done by him) to come up with a new provincial division for Pakistan. This is a suggestion and all and every input which comes with the sole interest of betterment of Pakistan will be appreciated.

We divided Pakistan into 12 provinces and federal capital Islamabad. Mostly the existing districts are not divided except for in couple of places. apart from above mentioned reasons, railway links, road network, rivers and canals flow were also considered while recommending these new provinces. Although we are not experts on these fields so we put lot of common sense and and more importantly the interest of Pakistan while making these divisions.

Also the name of the new provinces are not based on cast, language or one identity in most of the cases. These names have some historic or geographic perspective. Present names of all the provinces except Sindh do not have much historic background.

Many critical issues of Pakistan like Kalabagh Dam are not resolved due to the Sindhi-punjabi politics. Once new proposed provinces are made, many of these issues will be resolved amicably as indus river would not be under “takht-e-Lahore” rule. Most of the proposed provinces are linguistically heterogeneous & geographically strongly bonded. Many smaller languages will also get chance to flourish because majority languages will not be in absolute (2/3rd) majority to over shadow minority languages as in the present provinces.

Below are the suggested new Provinces for Pakistan.

Prosperous Pakistan

Now a bit details about these Provinces:

Cholistan Province
Capital: Bahawalpur
Linguistic Composition: Saraiki, Punjabi, urdu
Districts: Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan
Current Estimated Population: 10 million

Logic: Geographically on the right side of the Satluj river. Linguistically heterogeneous. Currently under developed & under utilized. Much farther from the existing capital Lahore. New capital Bahawalpur will be in the middle of the province. It is already linked with N5 National Highway and main railway line and has a high court bench.

Ravi Province
Capital: Lahore
Linguistic Composition: Punjabi, urdu
Districts:
Lahore, Kasur, Okara, Nankana sb, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Hafizabad, Sialkot, Narowal, Faisalabad (partly)
Current Estimated Population: 36.4 Million

Logic: Right side of Chanab

Gandhara Province
Capital: Joharabad (District khusaab)
Linguistic Composition: Potohari, saraiki, punjabi, pashto,
Districts: Rawalpindi (partly), jehlum, attock, chakwal, gujrat, mandi bahuddin, Sargodha, Khusaab, Jhang, Mianwali, bhakkar, laiyya, DG Khan (partly)
Current Estimated Population: 24 Million

Logic: under developed western punjab area, would get great benefit from developing new cities, like Joharabad. Joharabad is in the center of Province. North of Joharabad is potohari, East is Punjab and South is Saraiki dominant districts. Therefore the new provincial capital will be the meeting point of all three rich culture and hence will be the torch bearer of development and homogeneity for this province. The new capital city Jauharabad will not face water shortages as river Jehlum passes by it.

Panjnad Province
Capital: Multan
Linguistic Composition: Saraiki, Punjabi, urdu, Balochi
Districts: Multan, Lodharan, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Vehari, Pakpattan, Faisalabad (partly), TT Singh, Muzaffargarh, DG Khan (Partly), Rajanpur
Estimated Population: 24M

Logic: Multan is already the hub of cultural and political center for southern Punjab. Panjnad Province will become focus of agriculture and dairy products. Multan is also in the middle of the proposed Panjnad province and is well connected with near by towns and cities and rest of Pakistan. Proposed Panjnad Province will have significant punjabi province in north eastern districts, urdu in the urban areas, Balochi in western districts & Saraik in central & western districts.

Bolan Province
Capital: Quetta,
Linguistic Composition: Pashto, Balochi, Brahvi
Districts: Quetta, Ziarat, Mastung, Qila Abdullah, Pashin, Lora Lai, Barkhan, Musakhel, Qila Saifullah, Zhob, Shirani, Harnai, Sibi, Kolhu, Dera Bugti, Jaffarabad, Nasirabad, Jhal magsi, Kacchi (Bolan)
Estimated Population: 6 Million

Logic: The Bolan province will approximately be same as British Balochistan of Colonial era. veteran leaders from balochistan, like ex-Prime Minister from Balochistan, Mir Zafar Ullah Khan Jamali, Mehmood Khan Achakzai has also once expressed their approval in dividing balochistan in Quetta & Kalat division of 1970s. The heterogenous Bolan Province is amalgam of Pashtun, Balochi & Brahvi culture. Quetta has representation from all three cultures.

Makran Province
Capital: Khuzdar
Linguistic Composition: Balochi, Brahvi,
Districts: Khuzdar, Kalat, Noshki, Chaghi, Kharan, Washuk, Panjgor, Turbat, Gawadar, Awaran, Lasbela
Estimated Population: 3 M

Logic: Makran Province is one of the richest areas of Pakistan with minerals resources. It also has Gawadar Port, Gadani ship breaking yard. Saindak & Rekodek are also located in this province. Proposed Provincial Capital, Khuzdar, is already well connected with Quetta, Karachi, Larkana through RCD road & M8 Motorway. Within proposed Province all major cities like Lasbella, Turbet, Gawadar & Kalat are also connected with khuzdar.

Khyber Province
Capital: Peshawar
Linguistic Composition: Pashto, Saraiki
Districts: Peshawar, Noshera, Charsadda, Kohat, Karak, Hangu, Laki marwat, Bannu, DI Khan, Tank
Estimated Population: 9.75 Million

Logic: Proposed Kalabagh Dam will benefit southern districts of proposed khyber Province, Tank & DI Khan at the cost of some land of Noshera District. Royalty from the Kalabagh & Munda Dam & also the natural gas resorvoir of Karak will make the province economically viable.

Abaseen Province
Capital: Mardan
Linguistic Composition: Pashto, Hindko, Kohistani, Chitrali
Districts: Mardan, Sawabi, Haripur, Abottabad, Manshera, Torghar, Batagram, Kohistan, Shangla, Sawat, Bonair, Dir bala, Dir payin, Malakand, Chitral
Estimated Population: 13 M

Logic: Comprosing of the northern areas, this province have the potential to truly exploit tourism industry. Tarbella & Bhasha Dam would provide substantial revenue stream for the development of the province and has high potential to generate hydro-electricity. Mardan is chosen as the capital, because, firstly it is in planar district and is accessible all year around from both Hazara & Malakand divisions.

Khorasan Province
Capital: Torkham
Linguistic Composition: Pashto,
Districts: Bajur, Mohmand, Torkham (Khyber Agency), Kurram, Orakzai, North waziristan, South waziristan
Estimated Population: 5 Million

Logic: Making FATA as a province will start the era of economic growth and amalgamation of the region with the rest of the country. It will also help to remove the sense of depravity in the people.

Sindh uttar Province
Capital: Sukkar
Linguistic Composition: Sindhi
Districts: Sukkar, Ghotki, Khairpur, Noshero feroz, shikarpur, Larkana, Kambar, Kashmor, Jacobabad, Dadu, Jamshoro (partly)
Estimated Population: 13.5 M

Logic: Other than Hyderabad, interior sindh is also one of the most deprived areas of the country, which even after having potential in many different fields is backward and under developed. Sukkar is already the economic & cultural center of the northern sindh and have full potential to become one of the key economic city of Pakistan. Also it is well connected with Karachi, Quetta & Northern Pakistan through road, air & railway.

Sindh Dakshin Province
Capital: Hyderabad
Linguistic Composition: Sindhi, urdu
Districts: Karachi, Jamshoro (partly), Hyderabad, Matiari, TM Khan, Tandu alayar, mirpur khas, umar kot, tharparkar, badin, thatta, nawabshah, sanghar
Estimated Population: 26 Million.

Logic: Third largest city in 1951 & the historic capital of sindh in pre-colonial era, has lost its glory by being overshadowed by Karachi. Also it is the convergence point of Sindhi & Urdu cultures, two main cultures of the proposed province. Also Karachi is over burdened by being the port & only industrial city in southern Pakistan. By shifting capital to hyderabad will allow Hyderabad to flourish & reduce population inflow in Karachi.

Karakoram Province
Capital: Gilgit
Linguistic Composition: Shina, Burushaski, Balti
Districts: gilgit, Diamir, Astor, skardu, hunza-nagar, ghanchi, girghiz,
Estimated Population:1.8 M

Logic: By making the current Gilgit-Baltistan as a Province will give them equal rights as the rest of the pakistan & start new era of economic & cultural development in the area.

Federal Capital,
Islamabad + Rawalpindi City.
Current Estimated Population: 2.5 Million

Logic: Rawalpindi city is already surrounded by Islamabad from 3 sides. So making it part of Islamabad is a natural choice.

Benefits:
1. The biggest benefit from these new provinces will be the development of new cities. Currently the population inflow is only in Karachi and some cities of central Punjab. Cities like Multan, Bahawalpur, Sukkar, Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Sahiwal & others, while having potential to become a modern cities, remains under developed as the economic growth is polarized on Karachi & central Punjab. By developing new provinces many cities will get chance to flourish.

2. The proposed provinces do not have large population difference like currently between Punjab & Balochistan.

3. Smaller provinces will help people to reach provincial capital easily. Also it will ease the management of the province.

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Posted by on April 24, 2011 in Pakistaniat

 

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بچوں کی تربیت – ایک نقطہ نظر

آج کل بچوں کی تربیت پر بہت سی کتب اور مقالہ جات لکھے جا رہے ہیں. کچھ عرصہ پہلے کی بات ہے کہ مجھے ایک واقعہ سننے کو ملا کہ ایک شخص ایک بزرگ کے پاس اپنا ٥ سال کا بیٹا لے کر گیا اور ان سے کہا کہ آپ اس کی تربیت کر دیں. تو بزرگ نے پوچھا کہ آپ کے بیٹے کی کیا عمر ہے. تو آدمی نے جواب دیا کہ یہ ٥ سال کا ہو گیا ہے. تو بزرگ نے کہا کہ اب مجھے کیا کرنا ہے اب تو اس کی تربیت ہو چکی ہے اب تم اس کو واپس لے جاؤ. اس وقت تو میں نے اس واقعہ پر بہت سبحان الله اور ماشااللہ کہا. لیکن قرآن کی طرف رجوع کرنے کے بعد کچھ سوالات اس واقعہ کے متعلق ا گئے ہیں جو اس مضمون میں زیر بحث لانے کی کوشش ہے.

قرآن کا اگر ایک اہم مقصد انسانوں کی تربیت ہے کہ وہ شیطان کے راستے سے نکل کر خدا کے راستے پر چل پڑیں. اگر انسان کی تربیت پانچ یا چھ سال تک ہو جاتی ہے اور اس کے بعد کچھ ہو نہیں سکتا تو پھر بچوں کی تربیت پر قرآن میں کچھ سیر حاصل گفتگو ہونی چاہیے تھی. قرآن کا جو تھوڑا بہت مطالعہ کیا تو اس میں بچوں کی تربیت کے حوالے سے کچھ خاص مواد ملا نہیں.

قرآن کے کچھ مقامات جہاں پر الله کے نیک لوگوں نے اپنی اولاد کو کوئی نصیحت کی ہے وہاں بھی ایسا لگتا ہے کہ وہ اولاد اچھی خاصی بالغ اور سمجھدار ہو چکی ہے.

وَوَصَّىٰ بِهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بَنِيهِ وَيَعْقُوبُ يَا بَنِيَّ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَىٰ لَكُمُ الدِّينَ فَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

(سوره بقرہ آیت ١٣٢)

أَمْ كُنتُمْ شُهَدَاءَ إِذْ حَضَرَ يَعْقُوبَ الْمَوْتُ إِذْ قَالَ لِبَنِيهِ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن بَعْدِي قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ إِلَٰهَكَ وَإِلَٰهَ آبَائِكَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ إِلَٰهًا وَاحِدًا وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ  (سوره بقرہ آیت ١٣٣)

اور اسی بات کی ابراھیم اور یعقوب نے بھی اپنے بیٹوں کو وصیت کی کہ اے میرے بیٹو بے شک الله نےتمہارے لیے یہ دین چن لیا سو تم ہر گز نہ مرنا مگر درآنحالیکہ تم مسلمان ہو

کیا تم حاضر تھے جب یعقوب کو موت آئی تب اس نے اپنے بیٹوں سے کہا تم میرے بعد کس کی عبادت کرو گے انہوں نے کہا ہم آپ کے اور آپ کے باپ دادا ابراھیم اور اسماعیل اور اسحاق کے معبود کی عبادت کریں گے جو ایک معبود ہے اور ہم اسی کے فرمانبردار ہیں

وَإِذْ قَالَ لُقْمَانُ لِابْنِهِ وَهُوَ يَعِظُهُ يَا بُنَيَّ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ

اور (یاد کیجئے) جب لقمان نے اپنے بیٹے سے کہا اور وہ اسے نصیحت کر رہا تھا: اے میرے فرزند! اﷲ کے ساتھ شرک نہ کرنا، بیشک شِرک بہت بڑا ظلم ہے

ایک مسلمان کے طور پر میرے لئے رہنمائی کا دوسرا شرچشمہ سنہ ہے. تو میں نے سنہ کی طرف رجوع کیا تو جو پہلی بات معلوم ہوئی کہ اسلام میں صحابی وہی ہے جس نے بلوغت کے بعد اسلام کی حالت میں نبی کو دیکھ لیا یا مل لیا. اور ایک ادنیٰ سے صحابی کا بھی رتبہ بعد کے افضل سے افضل عابد زاہد سے اوپر ہے. لیکن اگر ایک شخص کی تربیت ٥ سال تک مکمل ہو گئی ہوتی ہے تو پھر صحابی تو اس کو ہونا چاہیے تھا جس نے نبی کی تربیت ٥ سال سے پہلے حاصل کی ہو نہ کہ جو ملا ہی نبی کو ٥٠ سال کے بعد ہو. یا کم از کم ایسے لوگوں کو تو صحابی سمجھنا چاہیے جو نبی کی حیات میں تو ٥ سال سے کم تھے لیکن ان کی بلوغت سے پہلے ہی نبی کا انتقال ہو گیا. لیکن ایسا بھی نہیں ہے.

دوسری بات یہ کہ یقیناً بچوں کی تربیت ایک اہم ذمہداری ہے جس پر غفلت نہیں برتی جانی چاہیے لیکن والدین کی یہ تربیت ساری زندگی چلتی رہنی چاہیے. اور جیسے جیسے بچے بڑھے ہوتے ہیں ویسے ویسے ان کے سوالات بڑھتے جاتے ہیں ویسے ویسے ان کا حلقہ احباب وسیع ہوتا جاتا ہے اور ویسے ویسے ہی تربیت کی اہمیت اور ضرورت زیادہ ہوتی جاتی ہے.

ہم اپنی زندگی میں اپنے ارد گرد دیکھتے رہتے ہیں کہ بچپن میں کچھ بچے بہت زہین اور اول آنے والے ہوتے ہیں اور میٹرک کے بعد ایک ڈیم سے ان کی کارکردگی خراب ہو جاتی ہے. کچھ شروع میں بمشکل پاس ہونے والے ہوتے ہیں اور بعد میں ایک دم سے وہ کلاس میں صف اول کے بچوں میں شامل ہو جاتے ہیں اور یہ پڑھائی ہی نہیں ہر معاملہ میں دیکھا جا سکتا ہے. کچھ بچپن میں بلکل بھی نمازی نہیں ہوتے اور جوانی میں تہجد گزار ہو جاتے ہیں اور کچھ بچپن میں تبلیغ کرنے والے بعد میں غلط کاموں میں پر جاتے ہیں.

اس لئے میری خیال سے بچوں کی تربیت اہم ضرور ہے لیکن ہم نے اس کو اتنا اہم بنا دیا ہے کہ بعد کی عمر کی تربیت اور رہنمائی جو بچپن کی تربیت سے بہت زیادہ اہم ہے اس کو اہمیت ہی دینا چھوڑ دیا ہے. جب ایک بچہ جو جوانی کی دہلیز پر پہنچتا ہے اور اس عقائد، عبادات (نماز، روزہ، حج، زکات وغیرہ کے مسائل) اور اسلام کی روح سمجھانے کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے تب والدین اس کام کو بلکل چھوڑ دیتے ہیں اور یہ چیزیں وہ معاشرے یا اپنی حلقہ احباب سے سیکھتا ہے جو کہ خود سیکھ رہے ہوتے ہیں اور ایک کشمکش سے گزر رہے ہوتے ہیں.

 
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Posted by on November 23, 2016 in Soceity & Culture, TidBits

 

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How the history is biased

Recently i read a very interesting statement from Hitler

“Had Charles Martel not been victorious at Tours …Then we should in all probability have been converted to Mohammedanism. Then the Germanic races would have conquered the world.”

and then i read couple of articles on it, one from wall street journal and one from a historian(here and here) and i was surprised that how shallow was their research. The main point of the articles were that Hitler was barbarian and Muslims are also uncivilized that is why he wished for that. That is a opinion you can have if you have either not read the history or you are just too biased to write something against your bias.

Point is that Muslims knocked on the doors of Germany twice, Once in the 1st Century Hijri (7th Century AD) when the battle of tours happened and second during the Ottoman empire in 11th Centry Hijri (17th Century AD), when battle of Vienna took place. Now if anyone has seen that map of the world, he would have known that Tours is considerably farther from Germany then Vienna. Map below

France-Germany-Vienna-01

Rather Vienna was the gateway to Germany before World War 1 (Map Below). What was so special that Hitler wished that Muslims in First Century had captured Germany rather than Muslims of 17th Century?

GermanyBefore-World-War -1

The point is that, first of all Muslim conquest of 1st century hijri (7th Century AD)  were for the spreading of Islam. An Islam which was without any sect. The true form of Islam.

Secondly the conquest of Muslims of 1st century hijri (7th Century AD) left a lasting changes. The areas which Muslim conquered in 1st century hijri (7th Century AD) remained as Islamic countries till today. Although there have changes of dynasties and ruling classes but over all they remain Islamic.

This bring me to the third point that the inhabitants of the areas that were conquered during the 1st century hijri (7th Century AD) converted to Islam because of its simple, elegant and civilized teaching. So the impact of Islam on their culture, advancement and heritage has been far reaching.

The Muslim conquest in the later eras was pre-dominantly for the expansion of the empire and conquering of the land. That is why even though Ottoman Empire ruled over a significant part of Europe during different times but Islam never gained strength in those areas and many of these areas are no more Muslim dominated.

So even though Hitler is not a very likable person in history, rather one of the most hated person but even he understood the difference between the Islam of the 1st century and the Islam of the later centuries. The important question is do we understand this difference?

 
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Posted by on March 24, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Universities Ranking; A good way of evaluation or a good way of making money?

The simplest description of ranking is given in Wikipedia which says that “College and university rankings are rankings of institutions in higher education ordered by various combinations of various factors”. I feel this is a very good description. But as they say that devil is in the details.

I have been part of a university and although i am not directly involved with the ranking but i have at time done a bit of work in submitting the university data to the ranking agencies. So i have a little bit of understanding about what are the various factors which are counted in any ranking. Obviously all ranking uses different criteria and factors and give different weights to the factors. Below is the table which summarizes the most important factor of university ranking

Medals/Nobel Prize Research Citation
ARWU (Shanghai Ranking) 30% 60%
Times Ranking 0% 32.5% 30%
US News University Ranking 50% 40%
QS Ranking 0% 5% 5%

These are just the main ranking agencies. There are others also like Laiden Ranking, Webometric etc, but they collect data themselves from the web or some data sites and analyze and publish their ranking. One thing which is pretty common across the board is, that the most important factor is Research & Citation. More than half of the ranking is based on these two factors. Question is are these really the two most important factors in the university ranking. Rather if i may say that they are just one factor research, citation is the outcome of the research.

I dont have any issue with research, but the question is what is the purpose of the universities? are they the research center for a country? Yes they are one of the cheapest way of getting research through doctoral students but i believe the main purpose of the university is to teach students to be productive in their career. One of the career could be research too. But the research is not the only thing student should know. and more importantly research should not be the only thing universities should do.

Now you will say that No, universities have professor who teach also. Definitely they have, but ranking have become such an important prestigious issue for the universities that their main focus is now on improving their ranking and when they see that more than half of the points in ranking are awarded on research then their focus is also tilted towards research. Let me explain how it impacts the universities. Most of the universities which have tenure track for faculty, have promotion based on only research. Yes they count your research in every possible way, number of single author publication, number of publication in which you are first author, number of journal publication, number of journal publication in which you are first author and so on and so forth. In my view this is a very biased way of seeing the purpose of the university.

University are suppose to provide an educated skilled workforce but if every graduating student is only good in publishing and working on research topic, then i believe he is a bit of a misfit for the country.

Lets look from another aspect. Every professor know that his annual evaluation or his promotion is based on research so he is focusing on writing something and anything. Now what he writes he needs to publish it. So it has given rise to number of factors like “salami slicing”, in which scientists, to publish more, split up papers, to publish first a short paper followed by a more detailed one, and so on. But the more important thing is that it has given rise to large number of conferences. So that everyone who has something to publish manages to publish it in some conference. Each of these conference has a very very very high registration fees. Now they are just organizing a conference, in which papers are presented by individual and then they have to pay to read that paper infront of an audience who is attending after paying too.

Also the faculty which is suppose to be teaching has a constant pressure to publish for their annual review, in academia circle it is called as publish or perish. So the faculty is more devoted to publishing then teaching. Also there is a rise in ‘fractional authorship‘ in which the author claims to have worked on a paper when he hasn’t. So there is an increase in the authorship per article.

I dont want to go on too long. So i will just summarize my view.

  • University ranking is a very broad term and we need to know for whom it is targeting.
  • I certainly dont feel that it is targeting the students as it does not provide any information on the quality of education the potential students are going to have there.
  • University ranking has become a way of making money, when more than half of the points are on research then university focus will automatically shift from quality of education towards research and it has given rise to the business of conferences and elite journals.
  • Ranking agencies themselves charge exorbitant fees to rank your university. Then they have special services to tell you how to increase your ranking.
  • University ranking has hardly any factor for the conducive atmosphere for the mental and social growth of the students to succeed in life.
  • Adding factors like Noble Laureate a university has on its payroll, just eliminate 99% of the universities to compete in the ranking and provide an easy means for rich universities to hire them and increase their ranking instantly.

In the end i feel that university ranking need a rethinking of factors and criteria, which makes them more meaningful and reflective of the true ranking of the university in terms of education, atmosphere and personal and mental growth for students.

References:

  1. ARWU Ranking Methodology
  2. THE Ranking Methodology
  3. US News Ranking Methodology
  4. QS Ranking Methodology
  5. Wikipedia: University Ranking
  6. The 1% of scientific publishing
  7. Global scientific output doubles every nine years
  8. Publish or perish? The rise of the fractional author
 
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Posted by on November 4, 2015 in Education

 

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Pak China Economic Corridor: A Myth and a Reality

These days Pakistan’s media and social media are abuzz with Pak China Economic Corridor. People from the government side and favoring government side are portraying it as the biggest thing ever happened to Pakistan and the people who are against government or don’t like the PML-N are saying that this project is also to benefit Punjab and it will create more differences and sense of deprivation and discrimination in other provinces.

I like to read the good arguments from both sides and I personally believe that roads infrastructure is the most important infrastructure for the development of any country and it only reduces distances but also give rise to unity. Roads are definitely required to improve the economic prosperity of any region. But the reality is that for the last 25 years since i m following news one thing which has not changed is that each government says that they got the economy in tatters and now their policies is going to bring the change and after that government goes next government comes and it says that same thing. So i try not to believe much on the hype rather i try to make my own fair judgment.

I know people don’t have a very good memory and they tend to forget and forgive quickly. Plus propaganda always make people believes in things which are not real. So in this blog i will try to remind people of something similar and will let the user to make their own conclusion. As i mentioned earlier i am not against development especially road and transportation development, but i like to keep my feet in the reality too.

19 September 2001, a brave commando and Chief of Army Staff and the President of Pakistan, General Pervaiz Musharraf addressed the nation. Whole transcript is available here. But i will just highlight crux of that address.

  1. Pakistan is in a very critical situation and this is a great opportunity for us to capitalize it and it will solve many of our problems. If we dont join forces with USA, India will take advantage of this situation
  2. Kashmir issue will be highlighted and will be resolved according to the wishes of Pakistan
  3. Our economy will benefit a lot from it.
  4. Pakistan will get a much strong voice in international community and will become a front state in lot of matter and everybody will consult us.

Now we are more than 13 years from that day and that decision, lets take a deep breadth and evaluate each of the point.

Myths Reality
 1. Kashmir Issue will be resolved
  • Kashmir issue further buried down.
  • First time in history India manage to fence the occupied Kashmir, giving a signal that occupied Kashmir is part of India
  • Even PTV don’t show any news of Kashmir any more. Before that, every day on 9 PM news bulletin there was a news for Kashmir.
 2. Economy will benefit a lot
  • Our economy got a small boast initially in property and stock exchange sector.
  • But after from that it is in worse shape by all measure and it is accepted by everyone.
  • The value of our rupee which use to be equal to Indian rupee is now worse than Bangladeshi tikka. and twice less than Indian rupee
 3. Pakistan will have a strong voice in international community
  •  Pakistan definitely arranged many different groups like friends of Pakistan to get some help but in international community i don’t think it has got any more value then before
  • Our own security situation have turned so bad that even cricket teams dont visit us for last 5 years so you can imagine the voice we have in the international community
 4. Will get lot of benefits and if we don’t join India will benefit
  • Every person knows that in 1999 Pakistan didn’t have any load shedding. Now we are facing acute power shortages, gas shortages and our infrastructure got terribly deteriorated
  • India without joining got benefit. It got nuclear deal with USA
  • It got many contracts in afghan government.

So just to keep this blog short, i will like the people to think about it themselves. Recently i read somewhere that Pakistan got $39 Billion through coalition support fund. Which is almost equal to what Chinese have pledged us in Pak-China Economic Corridor. So what we had to for these $39 Billion was to betray Afghanistan (Link).

And the price for this $46 Billion dollar is to betray our most loyals friends Saudi Arabia and Turkey (Link). Saudi Arabia and Turkey are two friends who have helped us when none other have helped us. People are praising Chinese a lot but they forget that china have even bigger investments in other countries also and also have sizable investment and much much bigger trade cooperation with India.

Although on the front we say that we are keeping Pakistan interest first but the reality is that we are keeping others interests first. Friendships are not made overnight, successive governments with lot of patience and dedication created these time tested friendships and now PML-N government within 2 days destroyed these friendship.

  • When Pakistan was facing credit crunch it was not China but Saudi Arabia who gave us $1.5 Billion.
  • When countries put sanctions on us on nuclear test, it was not China but Saudi Arabia who gave us free oil for a long long time.

On the other hand

  • We also have to remember that its Chinese companies who gave us faulty railway engines.
  • We also have to remember that all these projects will be completed by Chinese companies
  • These are just recent examples, i am not blaming them but every country put its interest in the front

If i look back and see what we gained from joining the coalition forces then i will say that it was a very bad decision.

As Allah says in Quran (Surah Rahman, Verse 60)

هَلْ جَزَاءُ الْإِحْسَانِ إِلَّا الْإِحْسَانُ

Translation: Should the reward of goodness be aught else but goodness?

I will just hope that our policy makers are smart enough to realize what they are doing and makes a decision which is truly beneficial for Pakistan.

The title A myth and reality is just to remind you the reality of $39 Billion Coalition Fund and so that you can better understand the myth of $46 Billion Economic Corridor.

Footnote:

China to invest $100 billion in India over 5 years

China India Trade

China tops the India source of imports

 

 
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Posted by on May 1, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

Blunders of Nawaz Sharif in his THIRD tenure so far (2013 – 2015)

This is Nawaz Shareef’s third tenure as a Prime Minister of Pakistan and look like he has gained very little in respect to the political maturity, international affairs awareness and leadership vision. In this short blogs i will try to highlight few of his biggest blunders according to my opinion and will try to explain what he did wrong.

Change of Route of Pak-China Economic Corridor

Pak-China Economic Corridor is one of the most forward looking economic project of Nawaz Shareef’s current tenure. In a sense i feel its the need of the hour not only for economy of Pakistan but its security stability and unity. Road not only bring traffic but also economic activity, prosperity to the land and also reduce hatred and terrorism. According to the original plan the economic corridor was suppose to go through Balochistan and KPK into the china. Currently all Pakistan’s infrastructure is present on the eastern side and this economic corridor will provide much needed infrastructure development on the western side. Western side is also the side troubled with terrorism and sense of depravity and this development will increase the harmony and reduce the terrorism.

But recently PML-N decided to change the route and take it through Lahore. Lahore already is over populous and full of infrastructure and this would have created more chaos and congestion to the over crowded city.

Then the mistake over the mistake was the statement they give for the change of route that the security was lacking. There are two problems with this statement. Is PML-N not in government? do they not plan to improve the security? and secondly are the not giving the message that only Punjab is safe.? so are they acknowledging that their government has failed in improving security and have no plan to improve the security.

Thirdly this project is multi billion rather trillion ruppee project once the road is finalized you cant just pick it up and take it somewhere else so one excuse should not over shadow other important gains like giving the strategic depth, development of the western side, improvement of the harmony among people by improving travelling. opening new routes. enabling the development of the under developed areas and so many more benefits.

Cyber Security Bill

Cyber Security Bill is also one of the high level blunder. This is one of the most ill concived bill in which freedom of speech is restricted and this will give rise to more anti-government sentiments. Social Media was one of the few places where government managed to get some support against the dharna politics of Imran Khan Now they are trying to block it and it will hurt them more in the future then gaining them anything in the present. Most form of the criticism is blocked according to this bill.

I am not against having some restrictions but according to the bill even making political cartoons is a crime. The other issue is the government has not given his view. If they have all these points in the bill for some specific reason then they should commnicate to the masses. But unfortunately tnawaz shareef lack of democratic views and keeping quiet s hurting more than serving him

Enactment of Military Courts 

This is one of the biggest blunder of internal politics. The PML-N enactment of military courts is a message that government is incapable and cannot fix the judicial system of the country. If we go by this logic then the government should not criticize dictatorship or dictators because they also believe that democratic system has not produced results for Pakistan and therefore dictators should be allowed to the govern Pakistan. There government says that democracy should be given time to strengthen then why not give time and direction and make effort to fix the judicial system of Pakistan also to make it more effective.?

Failure to understand Sindh

Although federal government is considered to be representative of all Pakistan and PML-N also waste no time in saying that it got votes and seats in all provinces o the Pakistan but its hidden thing that PML-N is highly disliked by people of Karachi in unanimity. Looking at various steps of the ruling party PML-N it come as no surprise.

Firstly they have highly incapable president of Sindh PML-N. A president of sindh PML-N can not win his own seat even a provincial seat. He has no backing plus he is notorious. Secondly the the mentality of Karachi voter is highly different then the thinking of Punjabi voter.

Secondly just before the election PML-N included candidates or made alliances with the parties who were notorious and with little support on the ground. After these parties lost they again split  from PML-N. So instead of giving exposure to some of their own capable candidate they relied on external unreliable support. Then PML-N Sindh has no voice and even when rarely they make a statement they make a stupid one.

Lack of Foreign Minister

May be in its effort to keep the government size manageable PML-N federal government tried to restrict the number of ministers. But not appointing a dedicated Foreign Minister PML-N just shows that either they are incapable of understanding foreign affairs. ? or they lack a good personality to handle foreign affairs or foreign affairs matters are not in their control. All three meanings shows a blunder and nothing else on PML-N part

They also have some of the worst ministers in IT. Even water and power minister have failed to end load shedding or give a clear vision.

Large delays in Appointing on Key Posts

Nawaz Shareef seems to be incapable of making a decision. Number of key bureaucratic and head of departments post which required agreement with opposition leader like chairman NAB takes a long long time in getting appointment. They get appointed in the end because of strict warnings from the Supreme Court Judges. When a person is incapable of simply appointing key positions with honest and well reputed people in timely fashion then it leaves a big question mark on his decision making skills.

Development of Lahore Karachi Motorway

I am always pro infrastructure projects. but there has to be limit to the amount of such projects especially if its destroying your most fertile land and giving no benefit at all. There are now number of links from Lahore to Multan so developing yet another road from Lahore to Multan for Lahore Karachi motorway is simply like cutting your limb. Pakistan already is facing heaving reduction in agricultural land. We just need to develop the missing roads between Lahore Karachi and should use the existing infrastructure as much as possible.

Yemen Affair:

Without having a dedicated foreign minister its no surprise that PML-N made number of blunders on Yemen Affair. Yemen affair has number of significance. Our trusted friend Saudi Arabia first time asked for help. Nawaz Shareef agreed to provide this help. Suddenly media started maligning campaign against this issue, openly accusing Nawaz Shareef under personal gains helping Saudi Arabia without realizing that our existence is largely thanks to Saudi Arabia help which have never shied from helping us in our time of trouble.

Blunder 1: Government gives no directives to media not malign our trusted friend. (When Musharraf sent NS to Saudi Arabia under the deal he directed media not malign Saudi Arabia in this affair)

Blunder 2: Under pressure from Media and probably Army, Nawaz shareef tried to back track from its commitment and for this calls a joint session. This joint session started talking foul about Saudi Arabia. It is Saudi that helped us when we were put under economic sanctions and its Saudia that has helped monetarily whenever we asked. The joint session speakers started speaking in favor of Iran who deliberately tried to roll back our nuclear program by informing about our help to Iran. Dr. Abdul Qadeer father of Pakistan nuclear capability is penalized because of Iran’s effort.

Nawaz Shareef should have called a meeting with the parliamentary leaders and should have given them directives not to use any foul languages against our trusted Saudi friends

Nawaz Shareef should atleast have told his own party members that they should not take a position against Saudi Arabia.

Blunder 3: Iran FM visited Pakistan and Saudi Arabia also announced to send its representative to Pakistan.. PM after meeting the Iranian FM passes resolution in the join session regarding Yemen conflict which sound n favor or Iranian point of view before even the meeting with the Saudi delegation is held. So a message is sent to our friend that dont come we have already accepted Iran point of view. A country which has number of times violated our sovereignty and killed our soldiers. What a stupid message to give our friend Saudi Arabia.

Blunder 4: When our friends gave a well deserved harsh response to our parliamentary resolution then our Interior Minister who is mostly missing and never found giving a statement on matters related to interior minister gave an even more damaging response. Come on cant the Prime Minister tell his minister to shut up instead of burning to ashes our friendship with the most loyal friends.

Blunder 5: When some section of media highlighted the contribution of Saudi Arabia after our nuclear blast, PML-N finance minister gave a statement in denial of those gifts and concessions and contribution. So now we showed to our friend that we are one undeserving and inconsiderate friend.

Just to wrap up. I feel that Nawaz Shareef is far from the leader the Pakistan needs at this time. His decision making leaves a lot to be desired. He lack total understanding of foreign affairs. His political skills and political sense is very weak and incapable of developing further. This may turn out to be the bigger threat for PML-N then any other party including PTI

 
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Posted by on April 17, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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Its not the system, Its the people that defines it

With the slogan of Change we are hearing daily and statements like we will change the system. This system of corruption and discrimination will be eliminated by us. These beautiful statements sound wonderful to us, But seriously do they have any meanings.?

Let me say that Hazrat Umer (RA) use to have governors. We also have the governors. In a way system is same. Governor based system. So where is the problem.?

Problem is in people, the people who are on these posts & positions dont have the character which we need. The people get corrupted by power. In the end the problem is with the parents. They have failed to raise children of high ethical, moral values and truthful, just & honest character. 

I personally believe we dont need a new system, we need People of honor, dignity and character to lead us. Democracy, Dictatorship, Kingship is not what matters in the end. Its like that a patient dies because he dont want to take allopathy medicine because he believed homeopathy is the right medical field. I have seen when someone is sick he will take or go to any length or any alternate medicine if someone gives a hope to him. Because what matters in the end is person want to be healthy again. Similarly we need to prosper and progress and be top of the world again and system means nothing. 

People of Pakistan and public need to realize that we need people of character, dignity, honesty, justice and high standards to lead us not and that should be the only criteria. I believe Pakistan has a very strong system in place, our students, our players, our scientist with all the discrimination have worked outstandingly  What we need is just to end this discrimination and let excel together. 

 
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Posted by on January 9, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

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Big Slogans, Small People, Little Character, Zero Intention — Welcome Election 2013 (PAK)

As the time for next general Election in Pakistan is drawing near, the battle for premiership is getting harsher and bitter. Every day there are louder allegations, dirtier words, hateful language not only between the leaders and possible candidates of election but also between the supporters of different political parties in the public.

Although i m a regular news follower but lately i have stopped watching talk shows and cut down on my news reading time too. Because it was only giving causing my blood pressure to rise and nothing else. In all this i recently by chance heard a clip of Maulana Tariq Jameel on Hazrat Umer-e-Farooq (RA) and it really made me shed some tears. WHERE ARE WE STANDING?

Today we have leader starting from Imran Khan, whose answer to every question starts with an allegation on Nawaz Sharif as if he is sitting on his tail. Next we have Nawaz Sharif, whose every answer starts with cursing Musharraf. Come Next we have PPP who have got nothing better than to bad mouth judiciary for highlighting their corruption. Then we have these second level of Parties including MQM, ANP, JUI and many more who are blaming everyone else while being some what in power.

I will just share two small incidents of Hazrat Umer (RA) and wrap this up. He is going to take the keys of the one of the greatest city on Jerusalem. And how is he going, he on the foot with shoes in his hand and dirt on his clothes cuz he slipped in some mud puddle. The generals of Islamic army comes to him and asked him that kindly change the clothes, the servant or PA who is on the camel’s back ask him to kindly sit on the camel and he will pull the camel. But what he said. “The Dignity we have got is not because of clothes but because of Islam” Meaning that because of the islamic principles of honesty, justice and truthfulness and nothing else.

Once some perfume came in during the capturing of Iran in Madinah. which needed to be distributed among the people. He asked who will divide and distribute and his wife said to him that she will divide it and distribute it. He ignored her. He asked again till he found some one else willing to take up the job. Later in the home he said to his wife that it was not mine and it was spoils of war and while dividing it you would have smelled it and i was afraid that it could have been considered as unjust.

The point i m trying to take home in this post is that.. Those leader, who are truly leaders in every meaning of the word were so worried about their deeds and actions and today our leaders are busy finding faults and throwing allegation on others. As i said in some other post that once Hazrat Umer (RA) said to people that i want to say something so listen to me and a bedouin stood up and said we will not listen to you till you tell us how you have got this dress on yourself because it could not have been created by the piece of cloth every one got from spoils of war. Instead of saying or arguing or accusing him of anything. Hazrat Umer (RA) stopped talking and pushed his son and he stood up and said yes my father dress could not have been made from the piece of cloth everyone got, therefore i gifted him my piece of cloth too.

So simple, so amazing and so unthinkable in this world. Can we hope to see such a leader. I am hopeless seeing our current options of leader. I wish and i pray hard for this.

 
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Posted by on January 8, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

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