New Provinces for Pakistan, “need of the hour”.

24 Apr

The voices for dividing Punjab province recently are getting louder and louder. But do we really need to do it, what will be the consequences for this and what will be the advantages. I dont see any sane discussion going on the bigger picture. My personal view is that many people are calling it for their own personal petty agenda and they are not voicing it in the interest of Pakistan.

But if we think with an unbiased view and above our petty self interest, and truly for the well being of Pakistan than we can come to this conclusion that,

1. Pakistan has definitely developed but not uniformly, many smaller cities got over looked (not only in Punjab but in all provinces).

2. Facilities were not provided equally to the people of all regions,

3. Lot of potential is getting wasted.

4. The politics of language, color, breed is still strongest in Pakistan and we have not been able to go above and beyond, punjabi, pakhtoon, sindhi, balochi nationalism.

Dividing Punjab on linguistic basis will add one more nationalism (“saraiki”) to the already afore mentioned list of nationalisms, which is destructive for our unity & development.

Also Pakistan has at least 32 languages. Punjabi is spoken by 44% of Pakistan (almost 90 million) and chitrali is spoken is in just one district (less 0.5 million). So this will not only further divide as a nation, but will give rise to more Big Brother, small brother politics & economic growth will be further hampered, as many of the linguistic based provinces will not be economically viable.<

But i think if all the provinces are divided in the best interest of Pakistan, then many benefits can be achieved.

1. More provinces means more cities will be developed and all the population load which is coming into either Karachi or Lahore can be reduced.

2. More provinces means more people will be empowered to choose their destiny.

3. Better distribution of resources of Pakistan.

4. It may give rise to Pakistani nationalism then the punjabi, sindhi, pashto, balochi nationalism, if the division is not based on languages.

5. It probably will allow the politician to seriously work for their people, once they dont have big brother “Punjab” to blame for everything.

These are the reason which compelled me and my friend (more work done by him) to come up with a new provincial division for Pakistan. This is a suggestion and all and every input which comes with the sole interest of betterment of Pakistan will be appreciated.

We divided Pakistan into 12 provinces and federal capital Islamabad. Mostly the existing districts are not divided except for in couple of places. apart from above mentioned reasons, railway links, road network, rivers and canals flow were also considered while recommending these new provinces. Although we are not experts on these fields so we put lot of common sense and and more importantly the interest of Pakistan while making these divisions.

Also the name of the new provinces are not based on cast, language or one identity in most of the cases. These names have some historic or geographic perspective. Present names of all the provinces except Sindh do not have much historic background.

Many critical issues of Pakistan like Kalabagh Dam are not resolved due to the Sindhi-punjabi politics. Once new proposed provinces are made, many of these issues will be resolved amicably as indus river would not be under “takht-e-Lahore” rule. Most of the proposed provinces are linguistically heterogeneous & geographically strongly bonded. Many smaller languages will also get chance to flourish because majority languages will not be in absolute (2/3rd) majority to over shadow minority languages as in the present provinces.

Below are the suggested new Provinces for Pakistan.

Prosperous Pakistan

Now a bit details about these Provinces:

Cholistan Province
Capital: Bahawalpur
Linguistic Composition: Saraiki, Punjabi, urdu
Districts: Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan
Current Estimated Population: 10 million

Logic: Geographically on the right side of the Satluj river. Linguistically heterogeneous. Currently under developed & under utilized. Much farther from the existing capital Lahore. New capital Bahawalpur will be in the middle of the province. It is already linked with N5 National Highway and main railway line and has a high court bench.

Ravi Province
Capital: Lahore
Linguistic Composition: Punjabi, urdu
Lahore, Kasur, Okara, Nankana sb, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Hafizabad, Sialkot, Narowal, Faisalabad (partly)
Current Estimated Population: 36.4 Million

Logic: Right side of Chanab

Gandhara Province
Capital: Joharabad (District khusaab)
Linguistic Composition: Potohari, saraiki, punjabi, pashto,
Districts: Rawalpindi (partly), jehlum, attock, chakwal, gujrat, mandi bahuddin, Sargodha, Khusaab, Jhang, Mianwali, bhakkar, laiyya, DG Khan (partly)
Current Estimated Population: 24 Million

Logic: under developed western punjab area, would get great benefit from developing new cities, like Joharabad. Joharabad is in the center of Province. North of Joharabad is potohari, East is Punjab and South is Saraiki dominant districts. Therefore the new provincial capital will be the meeting point of all three rich culture and hence will be the torch bearer of development and homogeneity for this province. The new capital city Jauharabad will not face water shortages as river Jehlum passes by it.

Panjnad Province
Capital: Multan
Linguistic Composition: Saraiki, Punjabi, urdu, Balochi
Districts: Multan, Lodharan, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Vehari, Pakpattan, Faisalabad (partly), TT Singh, Muzaffargarh, DG Khan (Partly), Rajanpur
Estimated Population: 24M

Logic: Multan is already the hub of cultural and political center for southern Punjab. Panjnad Province will become focus of agriculture and dairy products. Multan is also in the middle of the proposed Panjnad province and is well connected with near by towns and cities and rest of Pakistan. Proposed Panjnad Province will have significant punjabi province in north eastern districts, urdu in the urban areas, Balochi in western districts & Saraik in central & western districts.

Bolan Province
Capital: Quetta,
Linguistic Composition: Pashto, Balochi, Brahvi
Districts: Quetta, Ziarat, Mastung, Qila Abdullah, Pashin, Lora Lai, Barkhan, Musakhel, Qila Saifullah, Zhob, Shirani, Harnai, Sibi, Kolhu, Dera Bugti, Jaffarabad, Nasirabad, Jhal magsi, Kacchi (Bolan)
Estimated Population: 6 Million

Logic: The Bolan province will approximately be same as British Balochistan of Colonial era. veteran leaders from balochistan, like ex-Prime Minister from Balochistan, Mir Zafar Ullah Khan Jamali, Mehmood Khan Achakzai has also once expressed their approval in dividing balochistan in Quetta & Kalat division of 1970s. The heterogenous Bolan Province is amalgam of Pashtun, Balochi & Brahvi culture. Quetta has representation from all three cultures.

Makran Province
Capital: Khuzdar
Linguistic Composition: Balochi, Brahvi,
Districts: Khuzdar, Kalat, Noshki, Chaghi, Kharan, Washuk, Panjgor, Turbat, Gawadar, Awaran, Lasbela
Estimated Population: 3 M

Logic: Makran Province is one of the richest areas of Pakistan with minerals resources. It also has Gawadar Port, Gadani ship breaking yard. Saindak & Rekodek are also located in this province. Proposed Provincial Capital, Khuzdar, is already well connected with Quetta, Karachi, Larkana through RCD road & M8 Motorway. Within proposed Province all major cities like Lasbella, Turbet, Gawadar & Kalat are also connected with khuzdar.

Khyber Province
Capital: Peshawar
Linguistic Composition: Pashto, Saraiki
Districts: Peshawar, Noshera, Charsadda, Kohat, Karak, Hangu, Laki marwat, Bannu, DI Khan, Tank
Estimated Population: 9.75 Million

Logic: Proposed Kalabagh Dam will benefit southern districts of proposed khyber Province, Tank & DI Khan at the cost of some land of Noshera District. Royalty from the Kalabagh & Munda Dam & also the natural gas resorvoir of Karak will make the province economically viable.

Abaseen Province
Capital: Mardan
Linguistic Composition: Pashto, Hindko, Kohistani, Chitrali
Districts: Mardan, Sawabi, Haripur, Abottabad, Manshera, Torghar, Batagram, Kohistan, Shangla, Sawat, Bonair, Dir bala, Dir payin, Malakand, Chitral
Estimated Population: 13 M

Logic: Comprosing of the northern areas, this province have the potential to truly exploit tourism industry. Tarbella & Bhasha Dam would provide substantial revenue stream for the development of the province and has high potential to generate hydro-electricity. Mardan is chosen as the capital, because, firstly it is in planar district and is accessible all year around from both Hazara & Malakand divisions.

Khorasan Province
Capital: Torkham
Linguistic Composition: Pashto,
Districts: Bajur, Mohmand, Torkham (Khyber Agency), Kurram, Orakzai, North waziristan, South waziristan
Estimated Population: 5 Million

Logic: Making FATA as a province will start the era of economic growth and amalgamation of the region with the rest of the country. It will also help to remove the sense of depravity in the people.

Sindh uttar Province
Capital: Sukkar
Linguistic Composition: Sindhi
Districts: Sukkar, Ghotki, Khairpur, Noshero feroz, shikarpur, Larkana, Kambar, Kashmor, Jacobabad, Dadu, Jamshoro (partly)
Estimated Population: 13.5 M

Logic: Other than Hyderabad, interior sindh is also one of the most deprived areas of the country, which even after having potential in many different fields is backward and under developed. Sukkar is already the economic & cultural center of the northern sindh and have full potential to become one of the key economic city of Pakistan. Also it is well connected with Karachi, Quetta & Northern Pakistan through road, air & railway.

Sindh Dakshin Province
Capital: Hyderabad
Linguistic Composition: Sindhi, urdu
Districts: Karachi, Jamshoro (partly), Hyderabad, Matiari, TM Khan, Tandu alayar, mirpur khas, umar kot, tharparkar, badin, thatta, nawabshah, sanghar
Estimated Population: 26 Million.

Logic: Third largest city in 1951 & the historic capital of sindh in pre-colonial era, has lost its glory by being overshadowed by Karachi. Also it is the convergence point of Sindhi & Urdu cultures, two main cultures of the proposed province. Also Karachi is over burdened by being the port & only industrial city in southern Pakistan. By shifting capital to hyderabad will allow Hyderabad to flourish & reduce population inflow in Karachi.

Karakoram Province
Capital: Gilgit
Linguistic Composition: Shina, Burushaski, Balti
Districts: gilgit, Diamir, Astor, skardu, hunza-nagar, ghanchi, girghiz,
Estimated Population:1.8 M

Logic: By making the current Gilgit-Baltistan as a Province will give them equal rights as the rest of the pakistan & start new era of economic & cultural development in the area.

Federal Capital,
Islamabad + Rawalpindi City.
Current Estimated Population: 2.5 Million

Logic: Rawalpindi city is already surrounded by Islamabad from 3 sides. So making it part of Islamabad is a natural choice.

1. The biggest benefit from these new provinces will be the development of new cities. Currently the population inflow is only in Karachi and some cities of central Punjab. Cities like Multan, Bahawalpur, Sukkar, Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Sahiwal & others, while having potential to become a modern cities, remains under developed as the economic growth is polarized on Karachi & central Punjab. By developing new provinces many cities will get chance to flourish.

2. The proposed provinces do not have large population difference like currently between Punjab & Balochistan.

3. Smaller provinces will help people to reach provincial capital easily. Also it will ease the management of the province.


Posted by on April 24, 2011 in Pakistaniat


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50 responses to “New Provinces for Pakistan, “need of the hour”.

  1. caylu

    April 25, 2011 at 2:28 PM

    I just want to add that ..

    This is just the first part and i have not covered all other aspects which i thought about while thinking over it.
    Like none of the proposed province contains districts from more than 1 existing Province. The reason is that firstly if we go with Zahid Hamid like division than there will never be an agreement, Khyber Pakhtonkhuwa province may want to incorporate district from Balochistan and balochistan from punjab and so on. These type of stupid things will become the focus.

    Secondly it will not be feasible as the new provinces are not only the division of the land but also about the division of reserves of the existing province, division of loans, so if a new province has land from two or more existing province then this will become very hard. How much provincial account go to one province who has more districts from other province.

    Thirdly and more significant thing will be the water accord, already 4 province are always fighting over water accord. So i thought it will be easier if the proposed Provinces are within an existing province, then they might be able to agree over division of water among themselves.

    I also accept that there can be better ideas among you. That what i want that we should not act like our current politician, (like the one who are trying to impress kim, or trying to save their son, or pretending to be courageous while hiding in london or trying to save bank accounts), but rather not only face the problem head on but also have some elegant & smart solutions through a healthy discussion. After all we are a generation of 21st century and its time that we lead the way.

    Once again these are just my opinion, and i do really appreciate your comments & suggestion.

    • Zafar Jawed

      September 27, 2014 at 9:11 AM

      A real hard work done by you. The proposal however needs to redesigned as the idea of creating more provinces will cause provocation.

  2. Usman

    August 8, 2011 at 1:04 AM

    Bro, i dont think that many provinces will be for the good. Pakistan needs better reorganisation in its administrative jungle rather than more provinces. Probably one or two are necesarry, but only for administrative purposes and to cripple the dominance of one province over the others in the Parliament. I recently wrote a piece on that.

    • Akhtar

      January 25, 2012 at 9:10 AM

      Agreed Usman

    • Zafar Jawed

      September 27, 2014 at 9:25 AM

      sman bhaei what is wrong in adopting the Musharraf idea of district governments?

  3. PakistaniThink Tank

    November 14, 2011 at 8:27 PM

    All 4 provinces need to be split into smaller provinces but it doesn’t have to be at the same time. Punjab needs to be split into 4, Sindh into 2, Balochistan into 4, Sarhad into 3 or remove all the provinces and just have districts who will act as province. (example Bangladesh)

    Here are some suggestion.

    • caylu

      January 9, 2012 at 2:38 PM

      @PakistaniThink Tank Brother i dont know if you are really with any think tank or you consider yourself as a think tank.. But i have seen these proposals.. There are lot of issues in them.. They have new provinces in which districts from more than one current provinces are present e.g. Sargodha has districts from current Punjab and current KKP

      This means that the bureaucracy from two provinces will go into this new Province Sargodha. Also how the water accord will be reached.? how the loans of current provinces will be divided between these new provinces.

      We need to be practical. Do you think if we make a new province which has bureaucracy from Sindh and Punjab then it will work easily and without any grudges.? i dont think so..

      So there are lot of issues we have to think about. I m sure i must have overlooked/missed some of these issues too.. Therefore i suggest we need to discuss it sensibly and with proper logic and reasoning and above and beyond our biases. This topic deserves cool head and due care which i think it is not receiving.

    • Khalid Rana

      February 18, 2013 at 1:47 AM

      What about Baluchastan– biggest in area but less in population? Does it need administrative reforms or Political ? Which is first priority issue to be solved and how?

    • Khalid Rana

      February 25, 2013 at 6:12 AM

      District Nazam/ City district government or Local Govt, System is the best under 1973 constitution.

    • PakistaniThink Tank

      January 30, 2014 at 8:50 PM

      Created 5 provinces/Super Districts from Punjab.

      • Shahid Hassan

        April 14, 2015 at 4:15 PM

        Pakistan is a federal republic of 4 provinces. The provinces are constitutional entities and inviolable and any talk of dividing them is totally unnecessary even treasonous. This is Punjabi talk and totally unacceptable to almost every sane and patriotic Pakistani. This will make corrupt elite even more corrupt-with multiplied opportunities- and an already crushed populace even more miserable.

  4. Martin

    January 9, 2012 at 1:03 PM

    Division of Pakistan is precisely what the Zionists want:

    Pakistan must stay strong and unified in the first instance, and subsequently her citizens’ needs should be addressed in the context of a unified Pakistan.

    • caylu

      January 9, 2012 at 2:32 PM

      Making more provinces does not mean the division of Pakistan. India divided or created new provinces after independence.. many countries have done so..

      Plus if it removes the grudges of other provinces and also make it more manageable and improve the efficiency of the govt and administration then i dont see anything wrong.

    • Khalid Rana

      February 18, 2013 at 1:39 AM

      I agree without any doubt. No need to create new provinces. We should concern our economic problems instead of political.Political parties are power hunger.Ask political leaders to let us know about the problems they have solved. Is there enough ENERGY /electricity in the country? Have the reduced shortage of GAS? WHY VOTE FOR YOU?

  5. parvez qadir

    January 19, 2012 at 3:16 PM

    اساں پاکستان وچ قوماں دے قائل ھاں۔ سرائیکی وی قوم اے۔ سب کنوں وݙی قوم اے۔ اساں صرف سرائیکستان چاھندوں۔

    • Fahad

      January 25, 2012 at 7:02 PM

      Yes sir it will help. More autonomy for undeveloped areas. Better distribution of resources. Better administration.

    • Khalid Rana

      February 18, 2013 at 2:03 AM

      Can this solve economic problems, unemployment? I think language is not a problem. sincerity to pakistan /our mother land is a problem. See, what are so called political leaders doing for power? What will they gain on creation of a new province? A GOVERNOR, CHIEF MINISTER, MINISTERS ADVISERS AND A LOT. Where do you stand? THINK OVER IT.

    • Khalid Rana

      February 25, 2013 at 6:08 AM

      I am not against any language. Prosperity in the world is due to industrial development and use of technology. If we want to solve our problems, please do not go for political slogans. Such slogans are in the interest of political groups who never struggle for industrial development race.Creation of new provinces will create new legal,constitutional,administrative, shifting of Government employees to their respective domiciled cities ( provinces) making of new seniority of officers,etc, which will give a new chance of favor to beloved party workers.

      Look into matters of seriousness to make nation unified, prosperous and healthy.
      May Bless.

  6. caylu

    January 21, 2012 at 2:17 PM

    Do we really need more segregation among us after we have acquired Pakistan? I believe that we should now focus on being Pakistani first and fore most.
    Making more logical provinces will help us to rise and prosper and making provinces based on ethnicity will divide us more and take us further down. Do you want to go down more.? Create more rifts among us? Ignite more hatred among us?

    We need to think with rationality. May Allah guide us all.

  7. Fahad

    January 25, 2012 at 8:28 AM

    I think this is perfect. It should be presented into the national assembly before the elections.

    • caylu

      January 25, 2012 at 11:21 AM

      @Fahad thanks brother for your appreciative comments. But i will like to add this is a very preliminary effort. Division of provinces is not a trivial issue and it should be tackled very seriously and with the right intentions. I hope we as a nation learn to debate and discuss things based on merits and patriotism and with the positive approach. I am sad to see most of the time the discussion is without logic, reasoning and with the intention of defeating others. I hope serious people with the knowledge and the grasp of matter take up this important discussion.

    • Khalid Rana

      March 10, 2013 at 11:43 PM

      A stupid idea to create new provinces.Empower District Government to solve local problems.Educate people to help each others.
      Elect honest members for legislation.Ask every MPA,MNA – his contribution towards harmony, economic policy etc.

  8. Ahmed

    January 25, 2012 at 11:04 AM

    With due respect for the honest attempt and caring intention, this looks a confused form of neo-liberal agenda – creating more cities, economic growth through capital flows, more destruction of nature and culture. For your reference, Just have a look at the Planning Commission of Pakistan’s website….and their call for more ‘Cities’ focus and proposals for the ‘creation of more cities’ in the western part of Indus…and so on. You need to look at also the ‘Divisions’ created during the Ayub Khan’s regime in 1959, which by the way, are not very far from what you propose. Their logic then was ‘dispassionate rationality’ for economic growth as the single agenda that would, if implemented, somehow subsume all cultural differences, identity problems, gap between rich and poor….like every thing will be fine. Moreover, you arguement of ‘economic viabaility’ base for creatinga province….very sorry to say….is very British Colonial……and even the same arguement has been used by the post-colonial establishment of pakistan to resist the creation of new provinces. This logic has a very narrow premise – economic and economic alone, without really spelling out its modalities. Moreover, in your scheme how do you justify the Ravi province [36 M] Vs. Karakoram, Makran, Bolan [with 1.8, 2 or 3 M]……Again the largest province Vs. all the rest….it is not the reorganosation alone, rather reorganisation with autonomy should be viewed in the excercise that you propose.

    For that, my dear honest friend, my advice is that your starting point should be to recognize the cultural difference – and not what you propose ‘to go above and beyond’ them – acknowledge it, and focus on finding ways to celebrate and live with the difference as a huge asset for the autonomous states of Pakistan. Culture, language and Identity take centuries of collective effort in evolution. They are product of complex interaction beyond the simplistic logic of economic growth based development. They are the source of comfort, belonging, safety, happiness, ‘feeling of home’, attachment, passion and what scholars began to coined in the last decade as the ‘social / cultural capital’. It allows people to belong to – and not to remain confused – the problem that Pakistan has – an ambivalent identity. For your kind attention, there are many examples of language/culture based governance autonomy in NW europe for example: Belgium into three cultural communities, Spain into 4, UK already into 3 and so on. So my suggestion is not to look at the reorganization and governance efficiency question from outside-in [an abstract idea of pakistan to prevail over everything else down to the detail], rather construct the identity and culture of Pakistan from inside-out [Pashtun, Punjabi, Siraiki, Balochi, Sindhi, Urdu speaking and pothwari identities and cultures should reign supreme in any talk of new boundaries]. Behind them is the centuries of evolution, respect them….this is the bottom line and main principle….the rest should build up on that taking into account, spatial, temporal, economic, political dimensions.

    More soon on the larger picture…..if requested.

    • Yawar Saeed Khan

      January 25, 2012 at 1:01 PM

      I agree with Ahmed that the division should be based on ethnicity and linguistic basis. We cannot ignore the ground realities of nationalistic mindset. This not at all destructive for our unity & development because nationalism is not necessarily a dangrous thing if there is equality among the divisions.

      Nonetheless there is some subtance to the argument presented by the author here and with some further refinement to address the linguistic issues, we can come up with a really practical and presentable model for Pakistan which can be pursued in the national assembly.

    • caylu

      January 29, 2012 at 1:49 PM


      I totally agree with your point of view that
      “recognize the cultural difference acknowledge it, and focus on finding ways to celebrate and live with the difference as a huge asset for the autonomous states of Pakistan”

      We are blessed with such a rich culture and heritage and it should not be used to poison us against each other. Right now this is what is going on. PUNJAB has become a word of hate & contempt in other provinces. and its not because the people hate each other, but because the politicians want to increase their popularity they ignite such negative feelings. Statements like k “punjab walay hamay pani mai say bijli nikal kar bhaijtay hain” and people buying such statement is the reason for our collective failure.

      Secondly larger cities are always problematic for the environment, management & preservation. No large city is without its slumps, risky areas, gang wars plus the cost of providing safety, security, utilities explode exponentially. Smaller cities are easier to manage and provide higher return on investment and also highly beneficial to human society.

      Special emphasis is given on the administrative ease in this division.

      About “Ravi province [36 M] Vs. Karakoram, Makran, Bolan [with 1.8, 2 or 3 M]” if you have a better solution i will definitely like to know.

      I will again like to say that it is just a sincere n honest effort to help Pakistan and ourselves to prosper collectively. I am no genius and neither i claim to be and you may have a better suggestion. I hope we learn to discuss things on merit & logic and above our own personal preferences and likings.

    • caylu

      February 6, 2012 at 7:11 AM

      @Ahmed: just today i read this study that average car speed in european urban cities is 10 km/h. and they are promoting cycling culture because it is faster and speedier. So just imagine how much time is wasted. How much fuel is lost. I live in a relative small city and my average car speed shown over couple of months is above 25km/h.

      So i think if smaller cities are fully equipped with all the facilities and utilities then they are much more nature friendly and bring more economic prosperity.

  9. Osama Hashmi

    January 25, 2012 at 11:12 AM

    I think sub-division of provinces into new provinces means uniting Pakistanis. but this is only possible if the sub-division is administrative and not ethnic. the sub-division will end the current sindi, punjabi, pathan and balochi ethnicity and what will emerge will be a Greater Pakistan.

  10. Azhar

    January 25, 2012 at 12:46 PM

    I have read ur proposal with interest and patience, though, it’s not appealing idea to me to divide the provinces unless the people of any peovince want themsleves to divide! For this, I will not comment on any other provinces except Sindh. It’s up to the people of Punjab, KPK, Balochistan to say what they feel is in their interest!
    I put two questions/feeling for ur kind consideration and will come back to hear from you!
    1. Who will guarantees the fairness in the matters concerned with infrastructure and budget and all other matters? You know the histroy better than I!
    2. People of 3 provinces are exhausted by the majic of thinking as pakistanis first! It’s long since we are told that you are Pakistani so leave ur bed. you’re Muslim so leave ur home. It’s been enough! No one will agree with you on this unless you impose on them. People need their legitimate and constitutional rights which are given in 1973 constitution and are hitherto denied!

    Last: I hail from Sindh and know my province! The division of Sindh is unacceptable to Sindhis on any basis. From my point of view, ur proposed division is nat sao bad but it can’t be materialised unless Sindhi people agree to it. Further, if you make Hyderabad as capital, as it was in glorious past of Sindh, then there will be reservations of urdu-speaking people who have Karachi for granted! How will you or anyone else deal with this situation?

  11. Shahnawaz Shaikh/ Shahnaz Ali

    January 25, 2012 at 4:52 PM

    How any one can only dare to talk about further division of our motherland – mind! it’s our mother.We are patriotic and Sindh is our country for thousands of years,We demanded for Pakistan on the basis that Sindh would enjoy status of soveirgn and independent state. Refer the Pakistan resolution of 1940. But we were decieved.The legitmate status of Sindh was robbed off in 1947.In 1955, even the name of Sindh was striked out from the map of Pakistan. The same treatment was meted out to Bengalis who threw the Pakistan out from their land. Then in 1973,in shape of a constitution, Punjab was provided with life line so that it may learn from history. But the constitution has never been implemented, Even the concurrent list potfolios have not been handed over yet to the provinces. and now ever harry and jack come out from jungle to advise about the division of our motherland!.One day some one dreams of dividing the provinces to his whims, not knowing the history, and puts out the suggestions.
    All are advised that if they want to remain Pakistanis, they should raise demand for Pakistan according to the 1940 resolution.
    1. It would provide sense of patnership among the units of Pakistan there by death to cessation to movements in the provincs for independence.
    2. It would stop the frequent army rules as all federating states would have their participation in the army and no state would be able to use army for their hegemony.
    3.Presently, there is no Sindhi judge in supreme judiciary. It would stop the politicization of judiciary for nefarious designs and no one would be able to play the regional cards for all the states would have their own supreme courts .It would also stop present hegemony of one province which goes to conquer supreme cout for implemenation of it’s choice.
    4. The union should have another (Summer) capital at the border of Sindh and Balochistan as there is one at the border of Punjab & KPK. This would prevent the every day blackmailing by long march from the parties of Punjab.
    5. Under the agreement the Senate & the President would be more powerful so that no Punjab(or Ravi) hegemony denies the rights to the federating units.
    Come on to favour this solution of the proble which is not any suggestion but the very basis of Pakistan Resolutio.
    G.M Syed, Khan Ghaffar Khan & Attaullah mengal were branded as traitotors only for demanding this right for their lands , for demanding democracy, Secularism & a just and equitable economic system for all the residents of Pakistan.
    it’s the solution.
    Do not enhance hostilities among the nationalities of Pakistan by promoting these vague proposals in a country which has been made fragile due to your ONE UNIT type impreialistic and colonial theories.

    • Azhar

      January 26, 2012 at 12:01 PM

      I agree with Shahnawaz Shaikh!

    • caylu

      January 29, 2012 at 1:38 PM

      @Shahnawaz Shaikh
      Can you explain me what is the geographic and provincial structure proposed in 1940 resolution? I am honestly a little ignorant in this area.

      1. No comment required
      2. I am against the army rule as much as you are.
      3. Right now the president is Sindhi. Chief Justice is from Balochistan. Supreme court judges are decided by these two people if i m right.
      4. Thats an interesting idea. Need to think more about it.
      5. I am in favor of more autonomy to the provinces. Believe me i feel equally saddened by the development of ONLY couple of cities and ignoring the rest of the Pakistan. We can do so much. Alhamdulillah we are such a rich nation in every aspect. and i hope we rise above our distrust and work together for a very prosperous Pakistan.

      Last 4 years should have been enough to show us that how we have been looted collectively. In lahore CNG is not available for 3 days. in karachi its only 1 day. in Lahore load shedding is more and in karachi its lesser. There are no milk canals or money plants in lahore. and STILL politicians are using us against each other by firing hatred for each other. and we are so stupid that we are falling for it..

      btw i will seriously like to know how this ONE UNIT compare to our 12 units? :S i m surely confused at this comment.

  12. Promote Bangla | প্রচার বাংলার

    February 6, 2012 at 5:44 PM

    I really feel sad by the way you think. Either you are unaware of the Pakistani Army Atrocities at our Bengali Brothers and sisters. Bengalis were hounded by your Pakistani Army just because they wanted Recognition of their beloved “Mother Language”. Pakistan has not learnt a lesson and it is doing the same ill-treatments with the Pakhtoons, Balochis etc… Grow up… face the reality.

    You cannot develop as a nation until and unless you “Respect” each and every mother languages instead of trying to “DISSOLVE” the identity of languages.

    It was not at all easy for us to throw away Autocratic Pakistan from our land but we were at an advantage because our Bangladesh was separated from mainland pakistan, Really feels sad for the linguistic minorities of Pakistan who are being killed and ill-treated everyday.

    জয় বাংলা | Jay Bangla
    বাঙালী হয়ে গর্বিত | Proud to be Bengali

    • caylu

      February 9, 2012 at 4:57 PM

      @Promote Bangla. I have just a quick question from you. I honestly dont know the answer for it.. so i just want to ask for my information
      How much you have managed to developed bangla language after separating from Pakistan?. I see no bangla to english converter in google.
      What about the medium of education in Bangladesh. How much scientific work is being converted into bangla language.?

      Lastly i just want to clear that we are not against language and this division is not for killing the languages. Rather we want smaller units for better administration and for equal progress oppurtunities in the whole of Pakistan.

      There are many languages which are spoken more in other countries then in their own mother land. So i think linking a language to land is not true and should not be linked at all.

  13. arshad

    March 2, 2012 at 5:56 AM

    my first intention to love and make pakistan mentally stronger among pakistanise, i suggest that making further provinces help us to prevent forther disintegration of love of my country among people.
    i feel that such provinces must be on map of pakistan.
    baoch sistan
    pakhtun area
    i feel we have to think about this u can change their names according to wishes of people but nomenclature must be same.

  14. Syed Asad Ali

    August 21, 2012 at 3:41 PM

    This sort of division will raise more concerns in the various ethnic groups. This will become the policy of divide and rule. Which will further increase the ethnic nationalism among their unjust division by the central regime. I think we should think to unite the ethnic groups under the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN map rather than to divide them into many parts.

    • caylu

      September 11, 2012 at 9:16 AM

      I dont want division. But just like creating more cities does not mean that a country is dividing itself, it just means to make it more manageable.

      The division that has been done is done with a lot of thought put into it. We have not created more provinces for any ethnic or sectarian group, rather they have been created to make them more manageable and to help the country grow and prosper.

      But if you have a better solution than i m ready to listen.. Do you mean uniting the country like ONE UNIT?

    • caylu

      January 7, 2013 at 5:32 AM

      This division is for better administration. Making One Unit will not be a very practical idea. If i go by your example than we should not have multiple cities, everything should be in ONE BIG City..
      We will be united if we follow the same ideology and passion for pakistan

  15. Khurram Butt

    August 23, 2012 at 1:24 AM

    Brother, This map is official or it’s your own opinion? I do agree with this map, Pakistan needs it badly. Even if they can bring more, they should, the smaller system is, the easier it is to manage.

    • caylu

      September 11, 2012 at 9:17 AM

      This is not official map.. We have made it.. and we have put lot of thought into it and considered many things.
      Thanks for appreciating.

    • caylu

      January 7, 2013 at 5:30 AM

      Its my own, not an official map. but definitely i have given a lot of thought to it.

  16. Ehsan Danish Malik

    January 1, 2013 at 2:20 PM

    Ye Sirf fazool hai. Just Pakistan Zindabad

  17. Zee

    January 28, 2013 at 2:27 AM

    Caylu very impressive!!! I like your work & the thought behind it. After Reading most of the comments I realize mostly ppl are by passing the whole concept of creating smaller provinces. I strongly feel there is a big need to further simplify Pakistan into creating more provinces out of the existing one. The resources are not distributed fairly within the provinces. My family belongs to Mianwali District which is current Punjab. I feel this part of Punjab is quiet neglected & backward in every aspect. We lack educational , medical facilities even though we are part of the richest province PUNJAB. All the ppl have leave homes to go look for jobs outside. District Mianwali & some surrounding Districts are poverty stricken areas. The funds are not being distributed in a proper manner to benefit & reach all parts of Punjab. So therefore for better management we need create smaller chunks of lands(provinces) to help reduce the segregation.

    This is by no means dividing Pakistan but in fact it’s going to allow better flow of wealth. Resources will reach in those parts of Pakistan that are going in remission. This will bring better means of education to every corner of Pakistan , rather than just restrict it to few major cities. In all we are creating a more prosperous & stronger pakistan by highlighting those parts of our country that are showing aiming for negligence.

    Thank you!

    • caylu

      January 28, 2013 at 5:39 AM

      @Zee: Thank You for your appreciation. Yes i also feel that we require some change to come out of this negative and blaming state of mind. Moreover there is so much influx of people in the two cities that they themselves are becoming a reason of concern. Whenever there is a strike in Karachi it sort of stops our whole economy, therefore we do need more developed cities, so people have less reason to migrate for job searching and health and education and other facilities.

      I have really worked hard on this idea but i m open to any positive comment and criticism. The comment that this is like dividing Pakistan is wrong as Caliph(RA) also made people governor of different areas so that common person can be facilitated.

      I will highly appreciate if you can spread this idea on your fb or twitter or other social media accounts, so that we start having more productive and useful and beneficial discussions, instead of only criticizing and highlighting wrong doings in our country. Thank You

  18. PakistaniThink Tank

    February 7, 2013 at 11:25 PM

    Here is the Map of 5 new provinces and their NA seats and Provincial seats.

  19. Saraiksitan Khan

    February 10, 2013 at 4:45 PM

    Pakistan has been experiencing ethno-national movements since its inception in 1947. Therefore, Excluding Punjabis, the dominant group, all sub-national groups including Saraikies felt sense of marginality and have been asserting against the centralization of political power.
    Pakistani federation has been remained unable to manage ethnic difference and it became the first post-colonial state that experienced a successful secessionist movement in 1971. Still Pakistan is one of the world’s most ethnically and linguistically complex states. Various ethno linguistic groups have challenged writ of the state at various junctures of Pakistan’s history.
    Provinces in Pakistan, unlike in India, were not re-organized on the basis of language. Apart from their core communities, these provinces contained large ethnic minorities, which retained provincial aspirations of their own, e.g. Pakhtuns in Balochistan, Urdu speaking Mohajir in Sindh, Saraiki in south Punjab and Hindko-speakers in the Hazara division of KPK. The ruling elite in Pakistan found language unacceptable as a legitimate source of identity. In India, language was in and religion was out as a constitutional category. In Pakistan, religion was in, but language was out because of its perceived potential for political destabilization. This discounted the agenda of creating language based provinces. The requirement for a two-third majority in the two houses of Parliament to create a new province, in addition to the consent in the assembly of the provinces concerned, as made the creation of a new province extremely difficult. In contrast in India, a simple majority of the Lok Sabha is required, although the opinion of the state legislature must be sought.
    When it comes to the creation of new provinces, the so called loyal of Pakistan starts dancing around. Despite dancing around the issue, one should try to see beneath the surface in order to grasp an idea about the basic issue .Despite a stream of strong words and announcements and by the government, various non-governmental organizations and political institutions, nothing has been done successfully in order eliminate the either crises in Pakistan .Rather the situation has taken quantum leap for the worse.
    The creation of Saraiki province will strength the federation and will give a scene of source of ownership to 50 Million Saraikies and decentralization of power will empower the common people , which ultimately bring a new Pakistan and if so the called Mamay (uncles) of federation will compel us to think on the lines of Bengalies.
    So for God sake don’t create hindrance in the way of Saraiki Province because if Punjabies, Pashtoons, Sindhies and Baloch could have their province than why not Saraikies.

  20. Khalid Rana

    February 14, 2013 at 1:17 PM

    Only great benefit to politicians. New province will have one Governor ,One Chief Minister with 22 ministers to be helped by Advisers. Creation of new administrative set up of departments. Will new provinces generate Electricity, Gas and develop roads? Will it increase Agricultural and Industrial productivity ? Will Chief Ministers and Ministers work as doctors and professors for providing health and education services?
    Why politicians want to remain in power all the times? Have politicians become poor like general public during last 15 years? Let the mun run. Let others come as the have failed to deliver and even to agree to one point — to develop Pakistan. Creation of new provinces is a political plan to remain in power all the time by all parties.
    Be honest ,be productive and invest in Pakistan. Bring all money back to Pakistan.

  21. Akram Rao

    March 4, 2013 at 9:59 PM

    i think,district system of Musharaf was best,it can work more better if districts get more rights and freedom and there should be no need MPS in provinces.

    ———————-if new provoinces have to make than we are 18 crore,so there should be 18 provinces,totally based on provinces and new provincial assembelies are a mess,
    ————–if they really want to help people than at least punjab should be divided in more 6 provinces(becuz of population),
    ——sindh should be in 3(becuz of population)

    ——-NWFP divided into more 3 provinces(fata should be adjusted in that.)

    ——-bolchastan could be easily divided into 3 more provoinces.
    ———— Kashmir should remain,seprately, as well Gilgit-biltistaan

    Khalid Rana i am agree with you .

  22. Hammad

    May 4, 2013 at 10:57 AM

    totally biased thinking, thing can be managed on division basis under the Name of Punjab.

  23. Yusuf Ahmed

    September 30, 2013 at 3:10 AM

    I think this is a complex issue and I don’t think you will ever please all of the people, all of the time. The best solution is to adapt concepts from other parts of the world and the two best examples of how nations cope are the USA’s federation and Spain’s decentralisation. Forget the other federal or decentralised countries because they are just not as well developed as these two.

    Firstly, some of your proposed provinces are far too large in population or area. In terms of population, the average US state has about 6 million people and the average Spanish community has just under 3 million people, whereas your average province has about 15 million people. Only 18 US states have more than 6 million people and only 4 Spanish communities have more than 3 million people. People are better governed by smaller states/provinces because even in the largest US states, e.g. Alaska, Texas and California, most of the people are concentrated in a comparatively small area (Alaska Panhandle, San Fran/L.A./San Diego, Dallas/FortWorth and Houston). As a ballpark figure I’d suggest average Pakistani provinces should be about 10 million people, so about 18 provinces but bear in mind that the population will grow for some time to come, so maybe about 25 provinces might be better for the long term.

    Secondly, your provinces are too large in area. Whilst the average US state covers just under 200,000km2, the average Spanish community is less than 30,000 km2. Your average province is about 66,000 km2 but it would be better to match the Spanish by having 25 provinces with an average area of about 32,000km2.

    Thirdly, some of your provincial capitals are good ideas, such as Jauharabad and Khuzdar, but I think with a clean slate of provinces should be a clean slate of capitals. Only 16 US state capitals are also the largest city in their state. Usually this was intended to keep big business separate from politics and there is no really good reason why Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan and Hyderabad should host the provincial governments.

    Fourthly, your federal capital is a flawed concept; just look at the problems faced by people in the District of Columbia – they do not get to elect senators, their representative in the House is a non-voting delegate, they were excluded from presidential elections until 1961, Congress can and does overturn local laws. The solution is either that you have awakward arrangements in your constitution or we could have a federal district composed of the federal government buildings while transferring all of the residents of Islamabad/Rawalpindi to a province. There would be nothing stopping Islamabadians calling their city the capital, just that the official capital would be just the little enclave with the federal buildings. Even better would be a complete transfer of the federal capital to a more geographically central location such as Dera Bugti.


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